Most modern vehicle Air Conditioning (AC) systems work by using a compressor to pressurize and circulate refrigerant and oil through the system to generate cold air. Normal AC systems have two sides which are the high side and the low side.
The refrigerant on the low-pressure side is gas which is later converted into liquid on the high-pressure side. What keeps the refrigerator cool is the constant movement of refrigerant through the high and low-pressure sides of the system.
More About Your Vehicle AC And How It Works
AC systems must be completely sealed to enable them to work properly because they are pressurized. There is a very high tendency of this pressurized system developing leaks thereby causing the refrigerant to leak out to a point where the AC will start producing hot air instead of cold air.
An AC would need to be recharged with pressurized refrigerant once the refrigerant and pressure level drops too low to enable it to function properly. Leaks don’t affect your vehicle’s AC alone, it also reduces your gas mileage by forcing the air conditioner to work harder than usual. An AC system would display some signs when it runs out on refrigerant.
Signs Your Vehicle’s AC Needs To Be Recharged
Your AC Starts Blowing Warm Air
The most noticeable sign that your vehicle’s AC system needs to be recharged is that the AC will gradually lose its overall cooling capacity. Because the AC system operates by circulating pressurized refrigerant, normal operation is affected when the amount drops too low. When this happens, the refrigerator will start blowing less cold air and later warm air if it isn’t recharged.
AC Clutch Fails To Engage
When the AC is set to maximum coldness, there should be a clicking familiar sound of the AC clutch engaging. The clutch engages when it receives a signal from the pressure switch which monitors the pressure level of the system. The pressure switch will not activate when the pressure drops too low and the clutch will not engage. If the AC clutch remains unengaged, the system will not circulate the remaining refrigerant and the system will not work.
Noticeable Signs Of Refrigerant Leaks
If the refrigerant leak becomes obvious, it is a clear sign that the car needs an AC recharge. When you spot a pool of refrigerant underneath the vehicle or you spot signs of a greasy film on the AC components or fittings, it is a sign that the refrigerant is leaking. If something isn’t done quickly, the refrigerant will leak until the system stops working.
What Happens During A Vehicle AC Recharge?
During a vehicle AC recharge, a certified technician will check the system’s pressure using different gauges to identify any possible leaks. When a leak is discovered, the technician will repair the leak before refilling it with a new refrigerant. Meanwhile, if your vehicle’s AC components have been dismantled or changed, the technician will ensure that the system is void of all atmospheric air and moisture before charging it. This is done to ensure the durability of the air conditioning unit.
What Is An AC Recharge?
An AC recharge can simply be defined as the act of adding more refrigerant to a vehicle. It is a very common maintenance requirement process for older vehicles that still use Freon as a refrigerant. Instead of Freon as a refrigerant, most modern cars have switched to using R134a instead, it doesn’t need to be topped off as often as Freon. If you own a new vehicle that regularly needs a refrigerant recharge, there is a likely chance that a leak exists somewhere in the system.
If you are an environmentally cautious person, you need to understand that an AC system is not harmful to the environment even when there is a minor leak. It is common to use a little more refrigerant during warm seasons due to the hot weather. Car manufacturers make sure they use refrigerant gases with less global warming liability and greenhouse gas emission.
Why AC Recharge Is Important
Although an AC recharge might be important especially during spring seasons, the regular habit of topping off your AC with one or two cans of refrigerant is no longer acceptable. Federal law obligates your technician to find and repair any leaks before adding more refrigerant as needed. New AC systems are designed to require less refrigerant so adding an 8-ounce can of refrigerant when just two or three-ounce is needed can wreak the system.
How Often Does My Car AC Need To Be Recharged?
The answer to this question doesn’t come with rules. Some new vehicles especially the ones that stay cool using R134a may only need a recharge once every seven years or thereabout. Those who reside in hotter regions like Texas have a good chance of needing to recharge more often than others.
From the year 2014, some cars started running on R1234YF which is a very effective coolant although not many shops were able to service it. The R1234YF requires specialized equipment which makes it hard for vehicles using it to get recharged.
If you start noticing that your vehicle’s air conditioner is no longer working efficiently, it is very important to take it to an experienced technician for repairs. This technician should be able to fix any leaks, top-up refrigerants, and recharge the system. Unless you possess a little bit of experience in engineering or mechanics, you can hardly tell the difference between a low AC refrigerant from other problems. This can be known by examining the AC compressor and observing how the clutch and pulleys engage which can reveal if the problem is a low refrigerant problem.
Hawkins, W. (n.d.). HOW TO TELL WHEN YOUR CAR’S AC NEEDS A RECHARGE. Retrieved from Highline Car Care: https://www.highlinecarcare.com/how-to-tell-when-your-cars-ac-needs-a-recharge/
Openbay. (2020, 8 2). Openbay Overdrive. Retrieved from How to Tell if Your Car AC Needs Freon – AC Recharge Explained: https://blog.openbay.com/what-is-an-ac-recharge/